Aquilegia vulgaris ‘European Purple’
Columbine, also known as ‘Granny’s Bonnet’ is an all time favorite garden and wildflower. This hardy, herbaceous perennial is easy to grow from seed and will tolerate a large range of soil and sun types, so will do well in full sun as well as some shade. Seeds may require cold-stratification before sowing, or direct-sow outdoors in autumn. Keep in mind that columbines are cool-season perennials and are not very fond of hot and humid summers. If you’re growing columbine in a garden setting with those conditions plant them where they will receive some afternoon shade. (Some species go dormant in the summer and will grow foliage back in the fall.) Young leaves are clover-like in shape. The plants will bloom the second year in late spring to early summer. They have distinctive spurs on their nodding heads, and their centers take on a honeycomb look.
Drought tolerant and tough as nails. Reseeds freely. Deer and rabbit resistant. Flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies.
Part shade to full sun.
Height: 18- 24 inches
Zones: 3- 9